Wednesday, 10 August 2016

Local Disaster Response teams of 15 sectors refreshed on disaster management and first aid


participants undergo emergency response training to support  local communities affected by disasters

In efforts to reduce disaster risks and ensure timely response when calamity hits, Rwanda Red Cross has set up disaster response teams from the National, district to sector levels which are charged with day today management of disaster risks and response whenever need arises.
These teams are supported by regular training to ensure they are well positioned to deliver as expected and in this regard, Local Disaster Response Teams (LDRTs) of 15 sectors in the districts of Gakenke Ngororero, Nyabihu, Karongi and Rutsiro received refresher training in disaster management and first aid skills.
In total, 300 volunteers who constitute the 15 disaster response teams participated in this training.
Contents of the training included largely disaster management skills with a greater focus on disaster risk reduction (DRR) which is implemented through Rwanda Red Cross’ Model Village approach that aims at empowering community resilience to economic and disaster shocks.
Skills imparted in DRR include mapping of local disaster risks, mobilizing community efforts to mitigate disaster risks, educating communities on how to reduce disaster risks and these constitute the responsibilities of the disaster response teams.
Rwanda Red Cross as a component of the Red Cross Movement has in the recent past strengthened its efforts in disaster risk reduction especially through efforts to build community resilience through socioeconomic empowerment of the most vulnerable people and other environmental protection efforts.
According to various studies by UN and IFRC on investing in disaster risk reduction, it is now believed that one dollar investment in disaster risk reduction saves between two to ten dollars that would otherwise be spent in response.

Besides skills in disaster management, participants received refresher on first aid skills which are essential in disaster response activities particularly in road accidents, household incidents like fire outbreaks and burns, and other injuries that may result from various factors.





Monday, 8 August 2016

Rwanda Red Cross’ application hoped to demystify first aid to ordinary Rwandans

The first aid application has information on basic life-saving gestures including safety tips in various environments. Get it from your google play and learn first aid

Many fatalities resulting from accidents and other emergency situations result from lack of immediate medical treatment and as a result, first aid does not just facilitate recovery, it helps save lives.
According to a 2009 advocacy report of the Health and Care Department of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies called “First aid for a safe future”, a human heart ceases beating within four minutes after breathing stops, permanent brain damage can occur within four to six minutes after breathing stops, over 50 pct of deaths from road accidents occur in the first few minutes of a crash.”
Considering these realities, the presence of a skilled first aider at a scene of accident can potentially save lives that may be lost as result of airway obstructions.
Towards this end of increasing the number of Rwandans trained in first aid, the Rwanda Red Cross has teams of trained volunteers who conduct community assimilations to impart some of the skills to the general population.

However, given the growing access to internet and the increasing penetration on mobile telephony in Rwanda, the Rwanda Red Cross has developed an android first aid application through people can learn basic first aid skills.

The app in google play appears on the name "ubutabazi na Croix Rouge" download it today and learn life-saving gestures you can use in the time of need
The application is now available in Google store and can be downloaded on every handset with an android operating system.

Features
• Easy to use English French and Kinyarwanda languages toggle to switch translation directly   inside the app.
• Simple step-by-step instructions guide you through everyday first aid scenarios. 
• Fully integrated with 9-1-2 so you can call EMS from the app at any time.
• Videos and animations make learning first aid fun and easy.
• Safety tips for everything help you prepare for emergencies.
• Preloaded content means you have instant access to all safety information at anytime, even without reception or an Internet connection.
• Interactive quizzes allow you to earn badges that you can share with your friends and show off your life saving knowledge
.


Saturday, 23 July 2016

Rwanda Red Cross conducts 6th General Assembly, votes for new governing board

Participants at the 6th General Assembly of the Rwanda Red Cross/ Photo by Antoine Numugabo
The Rwanda Red Cross Society conducted its 6th General Assembly since its founding in 1964 on the 23rd of July 2016 under the theme “strengthening community resilience and disaster risk reduction.”
Under the constitution that governs the Rwanda Red Cross, a General Assembly, which is the most highly ranked body in the governance of this Rwandan society, is convened every four years to give general guidance on the day to day management and the society.

During the 6th General Assembly, management and governance structures represented the achievements of the past five years correlating to a five year strategic plan that will be completed at the end of the year.

Among other achievements, the Rwanda Red Cross was glad to note that the society was able to respond to most of the disasters that were experienced in Rwanda, supporting affected families with immediate emergency support in addition to post emergency recovery support.

In the area of recovery, the Rwanda Red Cross Secretary General Mr. Apollinaire Karamaga noted that the National Society manage to respond to the needs of Rwandans evicted from Tanzania in 2013, resettling people hit by natural disasters and resettling others from high-risk zones through construction of good quality housing.

Close to 2,000 houses were constructed with some examples including the 180 houses constructed in Bikingi village of Nyabihu District in the Western Province which benefited Rwandans who repatriated from DR Congo and lacked descent homes in addition to vulnerable families that were living in high-risk zones.

But more notably, the Rwanda Red Cross in the past five years directed a lot of energy in community resilience undertakings under its “Model village” approach. This is an integrated way of holistically empowering a community to address its vulnerabilities.

“We have 18 villages in each district meaning a total of 540 with which we are working towards building their capacities to solve their vulnerabilities. Activities in these villages are largely centred on mindset change and supporting vulnerable people to gain access to the economy through supporting livelihood support initiatives,” Karamaga notes.

For instance livestock are distributed to vulnerable families in efforts to help them get an income and fight feed insecurity. In the last five years, more than 8,000 livestock were distribute and thanks to the rotation scheme policy which requires a beneficiary to give to the next person on the first birth, more than 31,000 vulnerable households benefited and indeed their lives have been transformed significantly.

But aside management at the General Secretariat, the Rwanda Red Cross is on the national level governed by a committee of governors which is elected by the General Assembly.
Similarly during the 6th General Assembly, a new governing committee was elected to carry on the works that another which has been at the helm of the institution since 2008 and headed by Dr. Bernard Nzigiye as its President.

Speaking slightly before the election of new committee members, Dr. Nzigiye noted that some of the key policies that the committee he led placed greater emphasis included decentralization of Rwanda Red Cross structures, resource capacity development to facilitate the National Society to grow towards self-reliance (kwigira) and in recruiting capable leaders at decentralized levels and strong staff at the National Secretariat.

“The things I am glad for include the fact that today; Rwanda Red Cross not only depends on the support of others to finance its daily activities but also has managed to grow to an extent where it can meet some of its costs. This is the direction we strongly encouraged and we hope and no doubt it will continue towards self-reliance. It is only then that we will be able to sustainably support suffering Rwandans every time they need us for we will not be waiting upon foreign support alone.”

According to the constitution of the Rwanda Red Cross, a committee cannot be in office beyond two four-year terms and as such, the Rwanda Red Cross 6th General Assembly voted for new members who will be joined by representatives of the Ministries of Health and Local Government, a Treasurer General they will appoint, and the Secretary General of the Rwanda Red Cross to form the National Society’s 6th Governing Committee.

New Governing Committee of the Rwanda Red Cross Society

President _________________________________________________ Dr. Bwito Paul
Vice President ____________________________________________   Ms. Mukandekezi  Froincoise
Secretary__________________________________________________Mr. Apollinaire Karamaga
Member of National Governing Committee (Kigali City) ___________ Ms. Uwamahoro M. Jose
Member of National Governing Committee (Western Province) ______Mr. Mazimpaka S. Emmanuel
Member of National Governing Committee (Northern Province) _____ Mr. Simango  Maxime
Member of National Governing Committee (Eastern Province) _______Ms. J. D’Arc Muhawenimana
Member of National Governing Committee (Southern Province) ______Mr. Sebaganwa Guillaume

Also, the board will have the representation of the Rwanda Red Cross youth wing President and Vice President who were elected last year by the youth General Assembly.

Youth President ________________________________________________ Ms. Rubuga Allexia
Youth Vice President ____________________________________________ Mr. Majyambere Silas

About Rwanda Red Cross Society
The Rwanda Red Cross Society was established in the country since 1964 to support the Rwandan Government in humanitarian action.
As a support organ to Rwandan authorities in humanitarian action, RRCS is present in every district and sector of Rwanda through local committees at each of these administrative levels which are charged with the day to day activities of the society and its ever growing network of volunteers and members.
Over the last 50 years and more profoundly in the past 20 years, RRCS has scaled up its activities to go beyond response during natural disasters and emergencies to tackle the gist of the problem; impoverishment.
Through several projects with the support of various partners including among others the Rwandan Government, Rwanda Red Cross has catalyzed development for many formerly dissolute Rwandans and has been supported efforts to reduce disaster risk.
In implementing all these various activities, the target has and will always be; building resilient communities and alleviating human suffering in Rwanda.
The Rwanda Red Cross is managed by a General Secretariat  headed by the Secretary General while the governing authority which offers long term orientation is the National Governing Committee headed by a President elected by a once in four years General Assembly.
At the decentralized levels, a district committee is elected at each district headed by a President and Vice President. This similar structure is replicated in sectors and cells where committees have been established.
Currently, there are more than 100,000 members who contribute annual membership fees to the Rwanda Red Cross while thousands of volunteers are mobilized now and then across the country to support the implementation of several interventions to support alleviate the plight of those in most need.
Currently, the annual membership contribution is a minimum of Frw2,000 and 500 for adults and youth respectively and anyone can go to their respective district branch to make their contribution to support efforts to help the most vulnerable.

Sunday, 10 July 2016

Croix-Rouge y’u Rwanda irakangurira abatwara ibinyabiziga kwiga ubutabazi bw’ibanze



Ibikorwa byo kwerekana ubutabazi bw'ibanze byakozwe mu bice bitanu by'umugi wa Kigali mu rwego rwo gukangurira abatwara ibinyabiziga n'abakoresha umuhanda ku kamaro k'ubutazi bw'ibanze
Kuri uyu wa 30/06/2016 muri Croix- Rouge y’u Rwanda hatanzwe impamyabumenyi ku bashoferi baturuka muri sosiyete zitwara abagenzi n’abayobozi ba za auto Ecoles (amashuri yigisha amategeko y’umuhanda no gutwara ibinyabiziga) bagera kuri 30.

Muri uwo muhango, Perezida wa Croix- Rouge y’u Rwanda Dr Bernard Nzigiye mu ijambo rye yasobanuye ko bibabaje kuba umubare munini w’abazira impanuka baba bashoboraga gutabarwa iyo baba barahuye n’uzi ubutabazi bw’ibanze impanuka ikimara kuba. Yagaragaje ko kuba harateguwe amahugurwa nk’aya kwari ukugirango iki kibazo gikemurwe. Yasabye abahuguwe kuba itara rimurikira abandi, bityo ibyo bigishijwe nabo bakazabigeza ku bandi.

Dr Nzigiye yavuze kandi ko ahantu hatanu mu mujyi wa Kigali habereye igikorwa cyo kwerekana uko ubutabazi bw’ibanze bukorwa hanasobanurwa akamaro kabwo aho hakaba ari  Nyabugogo, Remera, Kabuga, Nyamirambo na Nyacyonga.

 Nkiko Samson umukozi wa Croix- Rouge y’u Rwanda ushinzwe gahunda y’ubutabazi bw’ibanze yavuze ko icyifuzo cya Croix- Rouge y’u Rwanda ari uko ubutabazi bw’ibanze bwagera kuri buri munyarwanda. Asobanura ibyakozwe yavuze ko icyari kigamijwe ari ukwerekana ko umutekano mu muhanda ureba buri wese.
Abayobozi b'ibigo byigisha gutwara ibinyabiziga n'abashoferi b'amamodoka atwara abagenzi mu ntara basoza amahugurwa mu butabazi bw'ibanze
Abitabiriye ayo mahugurwa bishimiye ubumenyi bayavomyemo bikaba bigaragarira mu buhamya bwabo: Umurerwa Aisha umuyobozi wungirije muri Auto Ecole Nyamirambo avuga ko kuba ashoboye guhugurwa ari amahirwe kuko abona bizamugirira akamaro cyane. Asobanura ko aya mahugurwa azamugirira akamaro mu kazi akora kandi bikanazabafasha mu buzima bwabo bwa buri munsi no mu ngo zabo.  
Mu buhamya bwe aragira ati “ubutabazi bw’ibanze nigiye aha ni ngombwa ko bwigishwa muri auto Ecoles zose, kandi na none buzamfasha no mu muryango wanjye: umwana agize ikibazo namujyana kwa muganga hari ibyo nabanje kumukorera”.

Rutayisire Jean D’Amour, umushoferi muri RFTC avuga ko we yatangiye gushyira mu bikorwa ibyo yigishijwe. Mu buhamya bwe avuga ko mu gihe kitarenze icyumweru nyuma y’uko yize ubutabazi bw’ibanze amaze gutabara inshuro ebyiri.

Muri iki cyiciro hahuguwe abantu 30 bikaba bizanakomeza. Kubera akamaro k’aya mahugurwa ba nyiri amasosiyete atwara abagenzi bemeye ko bazajya batera inkunga amahugurwa nk’aya.
Kwerekana uko ubutabazi bw'ibanze bukorwa

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Croix Rouge y’u Rwanda yateye inkunga ya Toni 10 z’imyenda abana bo mu nkambi ya Mahama


Ubuzima bw’abana bo mu nkambi bwugarijwe n’ibibazo bitandukanye bibangamira uburenganzira bwabo bw’ibanze. Muribyo harimo no kutagira icyo kwambara.


Croix Rouge y’u Rwanda (CRR) imaze kubona ikibazo cyugarije abana bo mu nkambi y’impunzi z’Abarundi iri i Mahama mu Karere ka Kirehe yagejeje inkunga ya Toni icyenda (9) zigizwe n’amabaro 918 y’imyenda maze iyishyikiriza abana batishoboye bari mu nkambi.

Iyi nkunga yashyikirijwe ubuyobozi bwi nkambi y’impunzi z’Abarundi i Mahama tariki 21 zukwezi kwa gatandatu k’uyu mwaka wa 2016 hatangwa imyenda kuri bamwe ku bana bayigenewe ariko igikorwa cyo kuyitanga kugirango igere kubagenerwabikorwa bandi bose kikaba gitangijwe kuzakomeza.

Abana bagenewe iyi nkunga hakaba harimo abari mu mashuri abanza ndetse n’abatarageza ku myaka yo kwiga.

Nzoyisaba Jeannette ni umwe mu babyeyi bashyikirijwe imyambaro nibura igera kuri 5 y’umwana we w’imyaka 2. Yagaragaje ibyishimo bye agira ati: “dukenera byinshi hano mu nkambi, ubuzima buba bugoranye cyane ariko byumwihariko abana bacu ntibagiraga icyo kwambara none turakibonye, turashimira uyu muryango wa Croix Rouge uyiduhaye”.

Umukozi wa MIDIMAR wari witabiriye uwo muhango Madamu Gatama Grace akaba ashinzwe gukurikirana ibikorwa byo mu nkambi yatangaje ko yishimiye inkunga CRR ikomeje gutanga mu nkambi. Yavuze ko imyenda y’abana ikaba yari kimwe mu bibazo bihangayikishije ababyeyi muri iyi nkambi.

Imyenda Croix Rouge y’u Rwanda yatanze yaturutse mu gihugu cya Denmark, ikusanyijwe n’abana bafite umutima wo gutabara bagenzi babo bari mu nkambi z’impunzi kubera intambara.

Croix Rouge y’u Rwanda ifite ibikorwa bitandukanye mu nkambi byo gufasha impunzi harimo ubutabazi bwa buri munsi bwo kugeza abarwayi kwa muganga, ibikorwa byo guhuza imiryango yaburanye n’abayo, imfashanyo y’ibikoresho byo mu nzu no mu gikoni, gutera imiryango iba mu nkambi inkunga yo guhinga akarima k’igikoni kugirango baronke imboga zokwongera imirire myiza, n’ibindi.
Intumwa ya Croix Rouge ya Denmark mu Rwanda Marie-Chantal Dahl yambika umwe ku bana bahawe imyenda ingofero. Umwana umwe yahawe imyenda igera nibura kuri 5

Numugabo Antoine

Tuesday, 10 May 2016

Rwanda Red Cross distributes relief items to 499 households in Gakenke


Over 211 houses have completely been demolished by
floods and mudslidesin just one sector of Gakenke district
Following a series of heavy rains that led to the loss of over 54 lives and destroyed more than 269 houses in Gakenke district, has this Tuesday in partnership with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs distributed Nonfood items (NFIs) to 499 households hit by the disaster in Gakenke district.

The support offered to each of the households whose lives were harshly impacted by floods and mudslides included a tent for temporary shelter, two jerry cans, two blankets, two sleeping mats, a kitchen set, and soap, kitenge for women and clothes for children to help them in the short term.

69 year old Niyonsanga Emmanuel a widower with five children is among the beneficiaries of this distribution of NFIs which came in to support the most vulnerable people who have been left with nothing as a result of the floods and mudslides that hit Gakenke district.

Niyonsanga Emmanuel after receiving NFI support from Rwanda Red Cross

“My whole house was washed away by the mudslides down the hill. Now without a place to call home, we will erect this tent that I have been given and sleep there while more solutions for the long term are sought. I am really grateful to the government and the Red Cross for being close to us from the very beginning of this disaster, I am really happy for the support given.”

Rwanda Red Cross volunteers have also been instrumental in rescue operations since the beginning of the catastrophe in the morning of 8th May 2016 from around 2:00 am in the morning.

Among other activities, volunteers supported the rescue of people who were stuck in house debris, trained swimmers in the local disaster response teams of the district helped rescue especially children and women who were drowning in the flood waters in addition to offering psychosocial support to families that lost loved ones to the disaster during burial ceremonies on Monday May 9th.

Gakenke sector which has so far recorded 211 houses that have completely been destroyed in addition to over 221 which were partially demolished and on the verge of total destruction was the most affected by these disasters in the district and victims from this sector have been lead targets for the Rwanda Red Cross support aimed at helping the most vulnerable.

The Executive Secretary of the sector Bisengimana Janvier noted that the NFI support given has been greatly needed by his residents.

“These (NFIs) are immediate needs which will help victims of these disasters to cope with what they are going through. We thank the Red Cross, government and all other partners for the immediate support, I recall that throughout the night of Saturday when the disaster begun, we were with Red Cross volunteers helping in the rescue operation.”

In a rapid assessment that the Rwanda Red Cross team on field is conducting, it has been noticed that there is great need for food since several food stores and plantations were washed away by mudslides, need for shelter in the short term and relocation of families from high risk zones in the medium term.

Also, 80 households that were greatly affected by similar disaster in Muhanga District in Rwanda’s Southern Province have also today  been given similar support by the Rwanda Red Cross in partnership with MIDMAR to help those most affected to cope with the challenges that have arose from the floods and mudslides that his the area.
499 households most affected have received support of nonfood items to help them cope with the challenges faced

Monday, 9 May 2016

Heavy rains devastate northern, southern and western parts of Rwanda

A car stuck in the mudslide is being
pulled out by volunteers and locals
At least 54 people have been killed by heavy rains that flooded Northern, Southern, and Western Province districts of Gakenye, Muhanga, and Rubavu and Ngororero respectively.

Many more are nursing injuries in various hospitals and health centres in the hit districts.
The heavy rains recorded over the weekend decimated over 419 houses in Gakenye and 80 in Muhanga leaving thousands homeless. This is in addition to the devastation to people’s crops where over 3850 ha of bean fields and about 600 ha of rice and sugarcane plantations on the banks of River Nyabarongo have reportedly been washed away by floods and landslides.

This region was hit by heavy rains that resulted into flooding and mudslides leading to heavy losses of lives, destruction of homes and decimation of farming fields.

Among others, this has exacerbated fear for tough times ahead for most of the devastated families.

In Gakenye where the downpour had the most devastating impact, rain is reported to have started in the midnight of Saturday and devastated six sectors of the district, mostly Gakenke sector where 16 died that night and Nemba where 9 lives were immediately lost.
Most people were killed by houses that collapsed while others were killed by floodwaters.
Currently, Rwanda Red Cross volunteers in the area have joined government and other local organisations in offering first aid to the wounded and trying to rescue those who are still stuck in the rubble of what were formerly homes.
The heavy downpour that devastated these regions for over 30 hours also interrupted traffic flow from the city of Kigali which has challenged transportation of relief items to the areas. However, the Rwanda Red Cross teams will be providing relief support including 998 sleeping mats, 998 blankets, 499 kitchen sets, 2495 pieces of soap, 998 jerry cans, 499 tents and clothes for children and women who are the most vulnerable in the situation.
According to weather forecasts, more rains are expected in this region the whole of today and the Rwanda Red Cross will surely require more support and involvement of all parties so as to be there for everyone everywhere and on time.
thousands of people who cross River Nyabarongo to and from Kigali City each day are unable to carry obn their daily activities now that the river has flooded the road

By Matthew Rwahigi

Correction: earlier version mentioned 91 instead of 54 people reported dead

Wednesday, 20 April 2016

37 houses demolished and hundreds of livestock feared dead in Musanze flooding

Locals who were hit by floods together with Red Cross Volunteers and other respondents look for any items that can be saved from the debris of demolished houses /Red Cross team
In a heavy downpour that started in the night of Monday April 18 2016 in Musanze district particularly in the sectors of Gatagara and Busogo, 37 houses have been decimated, 19 earmarked as unsafe for habitation and livestock whose numbers are estimated in hundreds are feared dead.

257 people from 51 households in the areas have been affected by these floods and in need of immediate intervention.

Equally, several hectares of farming fields were washed away in addition to food stores causing serious damaged to the areas food security.

These heavy floods have been reported by Rwanda Red Cross field staff in the area to have hit harder than any recent flooding in the area.

"We have not seen floods this heavy in the recent past in Musanze" Felicite Mukabalisa, the Rwanda Red Cross District branch coordinator for Rwanda Red Cross shared.

The sequence of events that led to the disastrous flooding was preceded by heavy runoff from neighboring mountains which poured into River Bishushwe resulting into heavy overflows that washed neighboring homes.

Estimates of losses in livestock and crops are yet to be established but this is an area popular for rearing small livestock such as goats, sheep, and chicken and many residents have reported deaths of their livestock.

Fortunately, the heavy floods which started in early hours of Monday night at around 9:00pm (21:00hrs) have not cost the area of any lives as experienced Red Cross swimmers together with the national marine force in the area immediately worked to rescue families from the flooded homes.

Also, with the help of volunteers who worked throughout the night of April 18 several homes managed to save some household items.

Currently, the National Society is working to provide Non Food Items (NFIs) from its national strategic stock in Kigali to residents of the area.

At the time of the disaster, district strategic stock as explained by Mukabalisa was in the process of being restocked with NFIs following a recent flooding in the same sector of Busogo hardly two weeks ago in which 41 households were supported with materials from the district's stock.


Immediate needs

The victims' immediate needs as indicated by a needs assessment conduction by the local disaster response team include tents as over 37 were completely decimated and families are big thus can get anywhere else to stay in the short term, food items as many families food stocks were also destroyed by the floods, Non Food Items including sleeping materials and kitchen sets and other household materials.

Media reports that have so far been made show most victims reported to not having any clothes left following the disaster.

Medium term needs

For houses demolished by the flood water, the needs assessment found out that all the families will not be in position to acquire iron-sheets for the reconstruction of their houses hence there is need to support them with roofing materials.

Also, a need for relocating these families has been identified since they had settled in the water path and will thus be constantly at risk of similar disasters if not relocated.



By Rwanda Red Cross Team

Thursday, 17 March 2016

RAPORO KU KIRUNGA CYA NYIRAGONGO (UPDATE)

I. Intangiriro

Ibipimo byafashwe bikomeza kugaragaza ko ikirunga cya Nyiragongo kigaragaza imyitwarire idasanzwe guhera tariki 29/02/2016.

Iyi raporo igaragaza uburyo bune bukoreshwa mu gupima impinduka z’ibirunga bya Nyiragongo na Nyamuragira biri mu burasirazuba bwa RDC, ndetse bikaba byegereye Akarere ka Rubavu, mu burengerazuba bw’u Rwanda.

II. Seismology (imitingito n’impinduka zijyanye nayo)

Guhera tariki 29/02/2016, ibipimo byafashwe bigaragaza kwiyongera kw’imitingito ugereranije n’imitingito yagiye iba kuva igihe iki kirunga giheruka kuruka mu mwaka w’i 2002.

Stations zibika amakuru ajyanye n’imitingito isanzwe ituruka ku bitare biba mu nda y’isi (tectonic plates) zigaragaza ko imitingito yagiye yiyongera. Aya makuru aturuka kuri stations 6 ziri ahitwa Rusayo, Kibumba, Rumangabo, Tongo, Kichanga na Bobandana mu bufatanye n’abandi bashakashatsi ba European Centre of Geodynamics and Seismology.

II.1. Isesengura Makuru

Kwiyongera kw’imitingito mu kirunga cya Nyiragongo kugagara mu ndiba yacyo (crater) yuzuyemo igikoma cy’amazuku (lava) ifite uburebure bwa kirometero ebyiri z’ubujyakuzimu. Iyi mitingito ntiyumvikana gusa mu ndiba y’ikirunga, yagiye inumvikana ku kirunga ubwacyo. Bikaba bituruka ku mwenge (well) uri mu ndiba y’ikirunga uri kumena igikoma cy’amazuku mu ndiba nini isanzwe.

Isesengura makuru rigaragaza ko hari imitingito ikomeye yabaye tariki 1/3/2016, abacunga parike nabo bakaba barawumvise. Indi mitingito 8 nayo imashini zigaragaza ko 4 yabaye tariki 29/2/2016, indi ikaba tariki 1/3/2016 nkuko bigaragazwa n’ipica ya 1 iri hasi. Isesengura makuru nanone ryiyo mitingito rigaragaza ko yari kurugero ruri hagati ya 1 na 10 Hz (Ipica ya 2).

Iyi mitingito yose yaturutse ku mwenge wapfumutsemo igikoma cy’amazuku mu ndiba y’ikirunga, nkuko bigaragazwa n’ifoto ikurikira.



Photo ©OVG 12-03-2016

Ibimenyetso bidasanzwe bibera mu kirunga bigaragaza ko hari urusukume ruri mu nda y’isi rugaragaza imbaraga zo kwinyagambura no gusohoka (magmatic movement).





Ibyo bimenyetso bidasanzwe byagaraye mu bihe bikurikira:

-      Tariki 29/2/2016: hagati ya 9h na 15h
-      Tariki 1/3/2016: hagati ya 3h22 na 17h32. Ku isaha ya 7h, ibimenyetso byariyongereye cyane.
-      Tariki 2/3/2016: hagati ya 8h na 13h
-      Tariki 10/3/2016: 10h na 13h
-      Tariki 11/3/2016 : hagati ya 0h na 2h, hagati ya 14h na 17h
-      Tariki 12/3/2016 : hagati ya 1h na 4h, hagati ya 7h na 15h
-      Tariki 13/3/2016: hagati ya 10h na 14h.



Ipica ya 1 : Hagati ya tariki 29/2/2016 na 1/3/2016, ifoto yerekana uburyo imitingito idasanzwe yumvikanye mu kirunga cya Nyiragongo



Ipica ya 2 : Isesengura ry’imbaraga umutingito wari ufite tariki 29/2/2016 kuri station ya Rusayo


Ipica ya 3 : Aho umutingito wumvikanye, kuruka kubera mu ndiba y’ikirunga cya Nyiragongo.


II.2. Umwanzuro

-          Habaye kwiyongera kw’imitingito ugereranije n’igihe ikirunga giheruka kuruka tariki 17/1/2002, bikaba bigaragara ku birunga byombi Nyiragongo na Nyamulagira.
-          Ikirunga cya Nyiragongo giteye akaga gakomeye ku baturage kubera inzira y’imitutu (fractures) iva mu kirunga yinjira mu mujyi wa Goma na Gisenyi kubera ko ishobora gusohokeramo igikoma cy’amazuku (lava) nkuko byagenze ubwo giheruka kuruka (1977 na 2002). Ingaruka ikomeye nuko igikoma cy’amazuku gishobora gucengera muriyo mitutu.
-          Ibarura ry’imitingito rigaragaza ko imitingito ryiyongereye cyane hagati ya tariki 29/2 na 01/3/2016, igenda igabanuka buhoro buhoro.
-          Ikirunga kiracyari active (kiracyabira) kandi gishobora kugira impinduka igihe cyose maze kikaruka.

III. Geothermal (Gupima urugero ry’ubushyuhe n’imbaraga z’umuriro)

Hari stations 3 z’iri mu majyepfo y’ikirunga cya Nyiragongo zerekana urugero rw’ubushyuhe (temperature), iyi raporo irerekana impinduka zabaye guhera Mutarama 2016 kugeza 14/3/2016.

Na none yerekana impinduka z’imbaraga y’umuriro (energy) ikirunga cya Nyiragongo kigaragaza, guhera tariki 15/2/2015 kugeza 15/3/2016.






III.1. Impinduka z’urugero rw’ubushyuhe (temperature)

Site ya 1: BUGARURA


Site ya 2: MUGARA

 










Site ya 3: MUNIGI




III.2. Imbaraga z’umuriro ku Kirunga cya Nyiragongo guhera tariki 15/2 kugeza 15/3/2016




Guhera tariki 25/2 kugeza 15/3/2016, ikiyaga cy’igikoma cy’amazuku (lava lake) cyagaragaje imbaraga z’umuriro mwinshi uri hagati ya 1.4x109 Watt. Ariko nta kidasanzwe cyagaragajwe na MODVOLC ku kirunga cya Nyirangongo muri ayo matariki.

III.3. Umwanzuro

-          Nta mpinduka zidasanzwe zabonetse zijyanye n’urugero rw’ubushyuhe ariko guhera mu kwezi kwa Mutarama kugeza Werurwe 2016 impinduka zariyongereye. Ibi nibyo bihamya ko kugeza ubu nta gikoma cy’amazuku kiracengera ngo cyinjire muri ya mitutu iva mu kirunga ijya mu mijyi ya Goma na Rubavu aribyo byatera ibibazo bikomeye ku baturage. Ikindi nuko muri iyi mitutu nta myotsi cyangwa umuriro urinjiramo.
-          Ifoto igaragaza imbaraga z’umuriro yerekana mu kirunga cya Nyiragongo yerekana ko kubira kw’ikirunga kwiyongereye imbere mu ndiba (crater) ku uru rugero (1,4 x 109 Watt) ari nayo mpamvu no hanze yacyo humvikana icyokere.

IV. Geo-chemistry (Uburemere bw’ibyuka)

Amakuru asesenguye ku byuka bihumanya byoherezwa n’ikirunga cya Nyiragongo yo ku wa 14/3/2016 yerekana ko uburemere bw’ibyuka butahindutse cyane. Site zose zafatiweho ibipimo zigaragaza ko hamwe na hamwe uburemere bw’ibyuka bwamanutse kuri station ya Bugarura bujya hagati ya 1.3 na 1.9%.  Ibi nabyo byerekana ko nta mazuku arinjira mu mitutu.
IV. Geodesy (Impinduka mu butaka)






Ibipimo byafashwe bigaragaza impinduka zabaye (deformation) hagati ya -5mm na +17mm.

V. Umwanzuro

-      Ikirunga kiracyari active (kiracyabira mu ndiba yacyo) kandi gishobora kugira impinduka igihe cyose maze kikaruka.
-      Inzego zibishinzwe zagombye guhura zikaganira kuri iki kibazo kugira ngo tutazatungurwa.
-      Abegereye iki kirunga bagomba kwita ku mabwiriza y’ubuzima cyane bakoza imboga mbere yo kuziteka no kwirinda kunywa amazi y’imvura.
-      Turacyari mu ibara ry’umuhondo bisobanuye ko ikirunga gishobora kuruka ariko bitari vuba, abaturage bakomeza imirimo yabo nta bwoba.